The American Fuel & Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) is a national trade association representing 98 percent of oil refining capacity in the United States.

The AFPM was formerly known as the National Petrochemical & Refiners Association, before rebranding in 2012. Both James Mahoney and Charles Drevna have served in leadership capacities at the association — Mahoney as chairman of the board of NPRA, and Drevna as President of the AFPM. 

The AFPM has a long history of taking positions that promote oil interests and undercut any potential competition to petroleum products, such as: opposing renewable fuel standards, supporting increasing domestic oil and gas production on public and private lands, and arguing that the EPA has no authority to regulate greenhouse gam emissions

Recently, the group has released studies that undermine oil-by-rail safety measures by using testing methods that, the Wall Street Journal reports, “may understate the explosive risk of the crude.” 

AFPM also recently joined the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, the National Association of Manufacturers, and others in filing a petition for review to block the Environmental Protection Agency’s Clean Power Plan

Electric vehicles are a clear threat to gasoline, the biggest product of oil refineries, and have come in the crosshairs of the AFPM. In 2012, then-President Charles Drevna (now a senior fellow at the Institute for Energy Research), testified to Congress

As Congress and the Administration seek ways to increase our energy security, economic security, and national security, AFPM urges policymakers to weigh the full spectrum of trade-offs. While weaning the U.S. off oil is a good talking point, artificially forcing the market to adopt expensive new technologies that rely on the fair trade practices of China could bring a new set of challenges. In the meantime, the U.S. can instead develop its own abundant supply of energy, which can increase our energy, economic and national security. The U.S. can do so without subsidies or mandates, all our industry needs is the room to do it. As we look to diversify our energy sources, we must not turn our back on petroleum-derived fuels that we will continue to depend upon for decades to come. To do so would simply disadvantage the consumer, harm our national economy and erode our energy security.”